halakah

Commentary or interpretation by the rabbis on the Law. The purpose was to bring the written commandments up to date by explaining how they referred to changed circumstances. In their original form they might be inconvenient sometimes, or mutually inconsistent. There had therefore to be constant restatements, accompanied by arguments and debates—e.g. about observance of the Sabbath. There are examples of halakic commentary in the gospels: Matthew's Sermon on the Mount is reinterpretation of the Law; Jesus demands a more radical righteousness than the rabbis and later he summarizes it in the double commandment of love for God and for neighbour (Matt. 22:37–9). Another example of halakic interpretation is at Matt. 12:5–6, where Jesus reinterprets the law about eating the sacred bread on the Sabbath.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Halakah — /həˈlakə/ (say huh lahkuh) noun Jewish law and jurisprudence based on the Talmud. Also, Halacha. {Hebrew halākāh rule to go by} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Halakah — Halakic /heuh lah khik, lak ik/, adj. /hah law kheuh/; Seph. Heb. /hah lah khah /; Ashk. Heb. /hah law khaw /, n., pl. Halakahs, Heb. Halakoth, Halakot, Halakos Seph. / lah khawt /; Ashk. / law khohs /. (often l.c.) Halakhah. * * * …   Universalium

  • halakah — ha·la·kah …   English syllables

  • halakah —  Галаха …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • halakah — The set of laws supporting Jewish scriptures …   Grandiloquent dictionary

  • Halakah — noun Talmudic literature that deals with law and with the interpretation of the laws on the Hebrew Scriptures • Syn: ↑Halaka, ↑Halacha • Hypernyms: ↑Talmudic literature …   Useful english dictionary

  • Talmudical Hermeneutics — (Hebrew: approximately, מידות שהתורה נדרשת בהן) refers to the science which defines the rules and methods for the investigation and exact determination of the meaning of the Scriptures, both legal and historical. Since the Halakah, however, is… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Germany — Jews have lived in Germany, or Ashkenaz , at least since the early 4th century, through both periods of tolerance and spasms of antisemitic violence, culminating in the Holocaust and the near destruction of the Jewish community in Germany and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sifre — (סִפְרֵי siphrēy , Sifre, Sifrei , also, Sifre debe Rab or Sifre Rabbah ) refers to either of two works of Midrash halakhah, or classical Jewish legal Biblical exegesis, based on the biblical books of Bamidbar (Numbers) and Devarim (Deuteronomy) …   Wikipedia

  • Baraita of the Forty-nine Rules — The Baraita of the Forty nine Rules (Hebrew: ברייתא מ ט מדות) is a work of rabbinical literature which is no longer in existence except in references by later authorities. Rashi, the Tosafists, Abraham ibn Ezra, Yalḳut, and Asher ben Jehiel… …   Wikipedia

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